Behind the Mask: Why Superhero Secret Identities Are Still Important

An article from Polygon recently popped up on my feed, “Superheroes Are Scrapping Their Secret Identities, and It’s for the Best,” which makes a case for why superhero secret identities should go away. This sentiment is a rising feeling amongst comic book fans – that the mask and identity it conceals are becoming irrelevant. And the more I hear this, the more I thought about how this sentiment bothered me. The mask is important. I say that because beyond the punching, fighting and risking their lives, the secret identity is a crucial factor in telling compelling stories. To have that just go away is wasting so much narrative potential.

Keeping a Close Circle

Writer Alan Krister’s article is good and goes in-depth into the origins of how secret identities in the comic book began. The piece uses that background to present the idea that the “strict secret identity is fast becoming an anachronism.” That idea that the nature of the superhero has evolved beyond the secret identity and a time where it was the norm. It makes some valid points. Points like the ridiculous lengths heroes go to hide their identity, how the double life aspect can prevent heroes from ever properly maintaining emotional connections or even how sharing that truth can add value to the stories of masked heroes. My problem is that the main argument, the idea of sharing that double life with people close to heroes, is trying to make a case for leaving the whole secret identity behind altogether.

I understand the idea that Krister is trying to convey. In fact, I agree that it’s only natural from a storytelling perspective that the people in these heroes’ lives eventually have to learn who they are. They serve as great ways to prove that these side characters/love-interest can be heroes too and elevate their narrative potential. However, the way the argument is presented is flawed. The mask and the concealment of a hero’s identity are necessary for those stories to even work. So many great stories are built around the idea that this secret will break relationships, put loved ones in danger, or even risk betrayal. Keeping that secret might be cruel and unhealthy to the hero’s mental state but that’s where the dramatic weight of the stories comes from until that pivotal moment where, yes, it’s the right time to pull back the mask and confide in those close to the hero.

Telling the World at Large Is Another Thing

What about the rest of the world? Well, that’s where the idea of getting rid of secret identity altogether ultimately falls apart. Yes, in some cases, plenty of heroes do what they do and the whole world knows who they are outside the mask. However, you see, that’s a privilege that not every hero shares. Iron Man is one of the richest superheroes in the world, with resources and a suit of armor that he can summon at any time. Captain America is a war hero from a different time. History looks at him a bit differently. He has the respect of his government and allies like SHIELD and the Avengers to protect him. The Black Panther is not only a superhero but the king of one of the most technological nations on the planet. You get where I’m going with this.

Those same protections aren’t in place for every hero, especially the street-level heroes with barely a dollar to their name or those that aren’t protected by their governments. It’s a case by case basis. The truth is that taking off the mask can ultimately do more damage to the stories writers tell rather than benefit them. The greatest example is Spider-Man’s arc in the original Civil War comic, which saw the famed wall-crawler tell the world who he really was. It’s a big moment followed by bigger moments but it’s only something that works in stories that are finite. Spider-Man’s story will never end. Nothing that happens in that Civil War sticks because it’s just not in the nature of that character. That’s evident by the fact that immediately after, Spider-Man’s secret identity is haphazardly reestablished in Brand New Day, cheapening the impact of removing the mask in the first place.

Doing away with secret identities in the MCU works so well because its stories are finite. The MCU has also largely avoided characters who hide their identity in the first place. Live-action means that its actors will someday leave the role, and that character’s journey will come to an end. You can do something like reveal to the world that Peter Parker is Spider-Man because you can’t take that back as easily as you would in comics. That reveal paves the way for the eventual end of Tom Holland’s time as Spider-Man and for whatever comes next. Ultimately, Spider-Man’s MCU journey revolves around the importance of his identity and the consequences of it being shattered. We will see how the MCU tackles secret identities more when it starts adapting characters like Daredevil and Ms. Marvel.

Protecting Characters of Color

When you take it even further, you have to think about minority characters and how losing their secret identity would impact them. There are a few characters that work out in the open, like Luke Cage, Adam Brashear, and John Stewart. But then again, Luke Cage is a bullet-proof black man, Brashear is Superman levels strong, and John Stewart is holding one of the most powerful weapons in the universe. Even when you look at characters like Adam Brashear, the loss of his mask has great consequences. The world is not kind to learning that a man this powerful is black and when the government discovers his identity, they essentially shut him down for nearly 50 years.

Once again, stories like Brashear’s only work when unmasking is properly built into the narrative and it’s a point of no return. Most characters of color can’t afford to have their identity outed, as their worlds would crumble. Their stories just wouldn’t work. Miles Morales would be public enemy #1. Hell, Miles already gets shot at with the mask on. Imagine the type of hate Kamala Khan or her family would face if people knew who she was. It’s a tactic much like death in comics. The longevity of those tales are limited, played for shock value, and are reversed just as soon as they are implemented.

Untapped Potential

Yes, superheroes exist in a fictional landscape but those stories are influenced by our reality. Writers have even flipped the idea of the mask on its head. The perfect example is HBO’s Watchman series. The way it reinvents characters like the Hooded Justice is nothing short of brilliant. Also, the way it takes advantage of the anonymity provided to most costumed characters and makes for a contemporary take that expertly critics police brutality and accountability is done so well.

There are so many ways you can make the concept of a secret identity compelling. The duality of the person and the mask provides timeless tales – who we are and who we want to be. A never-dying symbol like the Batman, where his legend is even more important than the man behind the mask. The idea that the mask is the only real protection a hero has, shielding their private life from the dangers of their heroic one. The drama of anonymity and being held accountable. It’s so much potential there, let’s not throw it away just yet.

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  • Chris Aiken

    Staff Writer

    Chris Aiken. Writer. Nerd. Gamer. I often write about games & comic books (or at least try to). What can I say, I love this.

  • Show Comments

  • Evil Ninja (@EvilNinjaX24)

    Hear hear! The whole idea of a public unmasking/identity only works for some characters, and usually those that either have nothing to lose (i.e., no real family), have vast resources, and/or are so supremely powerful that no one’s going to mess with them. Thing is, that’s solely at the discretion of the writers/publishers, and the right story can come along and completely shatter the idea that being a public hero is completely fine. Any villain worth their salt is going to make it a point to go after the “private life” of a hero that’s caused them nothing but failure in their endeavors, especially if that villain doesn’t give a goddamn about taking a life. Someone sniped Aunt May, for Bob’s sake!

    Some of the best comics stories told have to do with a secret identity. Clearly, some of those stories are ridiculous – secret twins and such – but some of them are the kinds of stories that pull at your heart and mind and make you really feel for the characters involved.

    Also, there’s the Spider-Man thing – ANYONE could be behind that mask, and that inspires untold numbers of people of all races and whatnot. (Don’t get me started on him basically having no secret identity in the MCU, even before “Far from Home.”) Losing that anonymity does far more harm than good. Realistically-speaking, of course, very few people in reality would just put their business out there, especially if they’re the idol of millions – privacy is a premium, and even the most public person just wants to be left alone for a few moments.

    The whole thing’s just silly.

  • Ori C

    I agree!! I agree so so much! I read that exact same article and it bothered me that they were so prepared to throw out the whole trope. All it really needs is some solid subversions to refresh it, because honestly I feel that people are just tired of secret identity playing out the exact same way every time. If it could be presented in new and creative ways, I doubt people would be so quick to dismiss it. I think it’s also worth mentioning that the secret identity is of great importance to LGBT audiences, because it’s honestly one of the best coming out metaphors I’ve ever seen, and lends a whole new purpose to keeping identities secret even from loved ones. A face hidden from the public is one thing, but hiding from those close to you because it has the potential to destroy relationships is an entirely more personal and terrifying beast. If stories could just be more creative or more thoughtful with the reasoning behind a secret identity, it could bring so much new life to the trope. I just wish someone in charge could see that, because I don’t want to see the secret identity disappear 🙁

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